Chapter 9: Lincoln, the “Greenback” and Martial Law
The topic of money can be boring at times, and it may seem unimportant in the overall scheme of freedom. But let me say here, that I cannot stress how important this issue is in relation to “freedom” and the overall concepts in this book. It took me a while to see it myself, but after 10 years of studies in these areas and much thought at how to figure out a workable solution to many of the world’s problems, the issue of “money” and the question of “what is money” and “how does it work” pops up so many times, it is impossible to ignore. At the time of this writing, I have studied these matters for nearly 25 years and still feel this is of utmost importance. Anyone who has a small interest in activism, or environmentalism, or any interest in basic economics needs to understand the concept of “money.”
Most people, when asked, would say they already understand the concept, but if they understood the concept, then why don’t they have any? Why is it that most people are always broke? Why is our nation in debt? Where does money come from? Why don’t you just print your own? … I’m not asking these questions without a purpose. The purpose is to get you to think about them. Think about the answers you have to all of these questions, for a moment.
Today, it would appear as if we have lost all of our rights, wouldn’t it? That is, if you believe that the rights you have were given to you by the Constitution. My rights were given to me by the laws of Nature and Nature’s God/dess, but they were secured by the Constitution, that they would be protected from intrusion by government. It’s obvious that there is no government around today to protect our rights, only to take them away.
I first started to learn about Martial Law and the executive orders that were in place to declare a State of National Emergency, and suspend the Constitution, by listening to Oliver North being questioned on Iran-Contra, and then Senator Daniel Inoye, from Hawaii, interrupting the questioning to announce that those topics are matters of “National Security.” The topic was a program Oliver North worked on called “Rex-84 Bravo,” where preparation was done for Martial Law in the U.S. following the suspension of the Constitution. I learned, as well, that there are dozens of concentration camps being built around the country on converted military bases like Fort Dix, Maryland, and the transportation of prisoners would be done through the new Denver International Airport being built at the time, but which is now complete. Well, that was an exaggerated conspiracy, I can now see, looking back in time. Though we may never know for sure until the future plays itself out. At one point conspiracy theorists claimed Walmarts would be converted to house prisoners, and this came partially true when they were used to temporarily house immigrants and hurricane evacuees.
Needless to say, this shocked, alarmed, and even frightened me to learn about, at first. The thought that our government could be secretly preparing for a military coup de e tat is a rather scary scenario to learn about. Well, I was really surprised to learn, as my studies progressed, that the Constitution had been suspended a long, long, time ago. Not only that, but Martial Law was declared in the mid 1800’s, and we have never gone back to a Constitutional government ever since.
Well, I could spend a lot of time, space and energy documenting the long list of Executive orders carried out from the Nixon administration and beyond, in the name of the “War on Drugs,” and these would help the reader to better understand the progression from the 1970’s on down, but I don’t feel it is necessary to do that here. A lot of that is documented online and if one were to research it on their own, just go look up the Executive Orders from 11490 from 1973, and go to the present. There, you can see how they turned this entire country into a military dictatorship overnight. Over the next 30 years, in the name of the “War on Drugs” the administrations passed so many laws curtailing our freedoms that we practically live in a concentration camp without borders or guards, except for policemen, at this time, in this day and age.
President Lincoln’s inauguration was held on March 4, 1861. He appointed Freemason Edwin Stanton, Buchanan’s former attorney general, as his secretary of war. This was one of the Mason’s insiders in Lincoln’s cabinet, since Lincoln himself was not a Mason.
On August 1st, 1861, the Revenue Act of 1861 was passed establishing a federal income tax. It read in exact wording, “An Act to provide increased revenue from imports, to pay interest on the public debt, and for other purposes.” I have reproduced key sections of this act here for very important reasons:
“That, from and after the date of the passage of this act, in lieu of the duties heretofore imposed by law on the articles hereinafter mentioned, and on such as may now be exempt
from duty, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, on the goods, wares, and merchandise herein enumerated and provided for, imported from foreign countries, the following duties and rates of duty, that is to say: First, On raw sugar…”
That was the first section, which refers to imported goods only. This applies to Section 2, 3, and 4 as well. Section 5 describes goods on deposit in warehouses.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the act entitled “An Act to provide for the payment of outstanding treasury notes, to authorize regulate and fix the duties on imports, and for other purposes.”
Section 7 made all acts repugnant or in contradiction to this one repealed. Section 8 imposed a direct tax of $20 million on the states. Section 9 is all about how the United States will go about assessing this tax. Read carefully:
“Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose of assessing the above tax and collecting the same, the President of the United States be, and he is hereby authorized, to divide, respectively, the States and Territories of the United States and the District of Columbia into convenient collection districts, and to nominate and, by and with the advice Assessors and of the Senate, to appoint an assessor and a collector for each such district, who shall be freeholders and resident within the same: Provided, That any of said States and Territories, as well as the District of Columbia, may, if the President shall deem it proper, be erected into one district.”
Section 10 required every tax officer to be bonded. Section 11 says “each of the assessors shall divide his district into a convenient number of assessment districts.”
Section 49 however, does levy an income tax on persons residing in the United States, holding any type of profession, but does not define United States.
What this says here, and I’m no tax lawyer, but this is not complicated to understand. The United States was not levying a tax on the states themselves, but a tax on goods and imports in those states, which were to be considered as areas of the United States. These were taxing districts set up to collect the excise taxes on goods in those states. (1)
On July 1, 1862, Lincoln signed into law the Revenue Act of 1862 which created the IRS. This act established the office of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue for the purpose of collecting excise taxes on items being consumed and traded within the United States.
The first part of the Act reads as follows:
CHAP. CXIX. -An Act to provide Internal Revenue to support the Government and to pay Interest on the Public Debt.
Provision 2 details how the government may set up in each state a number of taxing districts not to exceed the number of representatives in the state.
Up through sections 38, the roles of collectors are outlined but nowhere does it add people in the states to the list of taxable entities. Section 39 deals with the licensing of liquors. Duties paid for licenses are discussed in the next couple sections. Section 42 discusses duties on liquors. Section 44 and 45 apply to owners of distilleries. From section 57 on deals with licenses. Section 64 outlines who is to be required to obtain licenses. Bankers, auctioneers, wholesalers of liquors, retailers, pawnbrokers owners, distillers, brewers, hotels and inns, restaurants, brokers, tobacconists, theatres and circuses, bowling alleys and billiard rooms, confectioners, horse dealers, cattle brokers, peddlers, apothecaries, photographers, manufacturers, lawyers, physicians and claim agents.
Section 66 laid out the provisions for businesses which are exempt like manufacturers who manufacture their goods on site, apothecaries who make their own goods onsite and other exemptions. Section 67 provided that none of these provisions disallow states to place similar taxes within their boundaries. Basically, saying that this was a Federal Excise Tax only.
Section 90 deals with income duties and refers to people residing in the United States only. It does not mention the states themselves whatsoever, and by excluding them individually, one would assume only United States citizens were included. Section 90 reads as follows:
SEC. 90. And be it further enacted, That there shall be levied, collected, and paid annually, upon the annual gains, profits, or income of every person residing in the United States, whether derived from any kind of property, rents, interest, dividends, salaries, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation carried on in the United States or elsewhere, or from any other source whatever, except as hereinafter mentioned, if such annual gains, profits, or income exceed the sum of six hundred dollars, and do not exceed the sum of ten thousand dollars, a duty of three per centum on the amount of such annual gains, profits, or in-come over and above the said sum of six hundred dollars; (2)
The terms “person,” “residing” and “United States” are both very important legal terms here, as we will soon learn.
Lieber Codes & Martial Law
Now, here is some very important information: On April 24, 1863, most people are unaware that Abraham Lincoln suspended the Constitution and declared Martial Law. These “Field Instructions” were called the Lieber Codes. They were entitled, “Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field by Order of the Secretary of War” — Here, I have reprinted the index:
Section I-Martial Law-Military Jurisdiction-Military Necessity-Retaliation
Section II-Public and Private Property of the Enemy-Protection of Persons, and Especially of Women: of Religion, the Arts and Sciences-Punishment of Crimes against the Inhabitants of Hostile Countries
Section III-Deserters-Prisoners of War-Hostages-Booty on the Battlefield
Section IV-Partisans-Armed Enemies Not Belonging to the Hostile Army — Scouts — Armed Prowlers –War- Rebels
Part of 67, Page 68, 69, 70 Not Included in Free Edition – To Order the FULL Version in either Softcover or E-Book, Please Visit the Store.