Chapter 2: Natural Law & the Divine Right of Kings
The oldest laws would have to have been laws of nature. These laws were transmitted to early society through the understanding of the storms, the rain, the seasons, and by observing nature. The advent of law would only have occurred after a shift from a tribal matrilineal family to the later patriarchal “civilization.” This is when slavery would have started and therefore fines and punishments were fixed to offenses against the ruling king. The king himself was a newer implement, which did not begin until around the time of the rise of the first Sumerian civilization, followed by Sargon of Akkad. The kings of Sumer were the first father-based lineage, and this was when writing started, during the Ur-III period, c. 3200 BC. The kings took their right to rule from the idea that they personally descended from the gods, therefore the king’s law was god’s law. This was called the “divine right of kings.” Thus, religion and law were inseparable since the beginning of the written law. This is explored in depth in my book, Ancient Psychedelia: Alien Gods and Mushroom Goddesses.
Most laws were originally handed down by people who worked within the priesthood to control the masses using their higher education. First, these people were like shamans within the tribe, but as the tribes grew, they took on larger roles, and eventually became a priesthood, having all knowledge of drug use and the spiritual laws of nature.
Several quotes in this chapter are taken from a book titled, The Rape of Justice: America’s Tribunals Exposed by Eustace Mullins. Mullins was descended from William Mullins whose name is on the Mayflower Compact. He is no stranger to the legal system. Mullins has authored many groundbreaking books and has been brought up on numerous charges and harassed continuously by the legal system. He has represented himself in court for most of his life and has a lot to teach the student of Freedom. However, his religious beliefs prevented him from seeing the greater picture sometimes, and like many Christians, he believed mythological propaganda. See Curse of Canaan.
In the second chapter of The Rape of Justice, titled “The Origin of Law,” Mullins writes:
“In previous civilizations, the law was not only regarded as a fixed power; it was deemed to originate in the heavens, and in godly rule. We find in the Cairo Museum, a nineteenth century B.C. papyrus, the “Hymn to Amen Ra”: “Hail to thee, Ra, Lord of Law; father of the gods, maker of men.” Civilized nations have generally acknowledged that the ultimate source of law and its authority is the will of God, and it was codified in scripture. In Isaiah 2;3, “The Law shall come forth from Zion.” In Micah, 4;2, “The Law shall go forth from Zion.” Isaiah 51 declares, “Thus saith the Lord; Harken unto Me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is My Law; fear ye not the reproach of men.” (1)
Zion translates to “sin.” Mount Zion was the mountain of the “moon-god” Sin. Mount Sin-ai or Mount Zion. In truth, however, this mountain was not a moon-god mountain at all. It was really a bull-god mountain where the mushroom which sprung from the bull’s dung was worshipped. The reason being, for hundreds of years now, this bull god was mistaken for a moon god due to the crescent above his head. This crescent has been mistaken for the moon, when in reality, it represents the bull’s horns, based on the direction facing up and not from the side. All of law evolved from the use of the mushroom and men deciding to take it upon themselves to interpret nature’s laws themselves and then impose those laws upon their slaves. Once again, all of this is covered extensively in my book Ancient Psychedelia: Alien Gods and Mushroom Goddesses.
Then in the next paragraph, Mullins continues: “Sir William Blackstone, in his Commentaries, a primary source in the English common law, states a profound belief in the origin of law: ‘When the Supreme Being formed the universe, and created matter out of nothing, he impressed certain principles upon that matter, from which it can never depart, and without which it would cease to be’.” (2)
(1) Rape of Justice: America’s Tribunals Exposed, Eustace Mullins, 1989, p. 16-17
(2) ibid, p. 17
The first written laws that have been uncovered are from 2100-2050 BC, called the Code of Ur-Nammu. They imposed fines of monetary compensation for bodily damage as opposed to the later lex talionis (‘eye for an eye’) principle of Babylonian law. The crimes of murder, robbery, adultery and rape were capital offenses. There was already differentiation between the freeman and the slave and matrimony rules were already in place. The prologue of the Code of Ur-Nammu, invokes the deities for Ur-Nammu’s kingship, Nanna and Utu, and decrees “equity in the land.”
The next oldest known law would be the Code of Hammurabi, only three centuries later, in 1754 BC. It consists of 282 laws and differentiates between classes of freemen and slaves and men and women. Nearly half of the code deals with matters of contract, the terms of the transaction and liability for damages. One third deals with issues of family relations such as inheritance, divorce, paternity and reproduction. There is a rule for judges relating to altering decisions after being written down and issues of military service.
A covenant is a contract and the Ten Commandments are the Hebrew people’s contract with God, just as the Law of Hammurabi was the law of the ancient Babylonians. I will continue to quote from the second chapter of The Rape of Justice:
“The law was codified by the jurists of England, principally by Coke and Blackstone, as the English common law. It was later transformed, after having been brought across the Atlantic Ocean by English colonists, as The Constitution of the United States. ….. The history of civilization has always been marked by the clearly defined milestones of codified law. In 2250 B.C. (actually 1754 BC, ed. note), the code of Hammurabi was promulgated ‘to establish law and justice in the land.’ “We have also been greatly influenced by Roman jurisprudence, which were administered as the ruling code of the world for some thirteen hundred years. Kent’s Commentaries, the principle legal textbook for American lawyers throughout the nineteenth century, notes, Vol. I, page 556: “The great body of Roman or civil law was collected and digested by order of the Roman Emperor Justinian, in the former part of the sixth century… It exerts a very considerable influence upon our own municipal law.”
Mullins continues: “The Roman jurists developed the principles of “jus naturale,” that is, a code of laws which reflected the laws of nature and the natural order. In his Commentaries, Blackstone expands upon this “law of nature.” – “Law of nature — the Will of his maker is called the Law of Nature, being coeval with mankind, and directed by God Himself as a course superior in obligation to any other. It is binding all over the globe in all countries and at all times; no human laws are of any validity, in contrary to this.”
Blackstone also writes that: “Revealed Law is only scripture. Upon these two foundations, one, the law of nature, and two, the Law of Revelation, depend all human laws; that is to say, no human law should be suffered to contradict them.” (3)
Roman Civil Law
Mullins expands on the origin of the Romans and Roman Law:
“Founded by Romulus in 753 B.C., Rome became a Republic in the year 509, after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. In 450 B.C., the Laws of the Twelve Tablets were formulated. The earliest Roman law was the Jus Quiritium, developed by the Quirites, who were the first families of the Republic. As patricians, the Quiritium Law was developed primarily to protect their families and their property. These families were known as gentes, or the clans. Their descendants have since been known to history as “gentlemen,” as contrasted to the less distinguished masses, or plebs, as the freedmen or non-gentiles were known. … The privileges arrogated by the First Families, the gentlemen, became a source of constant criticism and contention from the plebs. In fact, ancient Rome soon developed into two groups which have remained fairly constant for three thousand years, the older families, which held the majority of property, and the masses…. The essential difference between the two classes was that the patricians knew who their parents were, and the plebs, who paid little attention to such niceties, did not. Because of their family records, the patricians were able to hand down their property to their heirs, while the plebs, even if they prospered, had no family records to protect their holdings
(3) ibid. p. 20
Con’t: “The fundamental distinction led to the demands of the plebs that the government intervene to support them, demands which, twenty-five centuries later, led to the Communist Manifesto, and Karl Marx’s demand that all inheritance be abolished. In the United States this precept of Communism was enshrined in punitive inheritance taxation and income taxes.”
“Emboldened by their increasing numbers, the plebs began to demand more and more “rights” for themselves. The issuance of the Twelve Tablets marked a watering down of the original Jus Quiritium. The process was greatly enhanced with the Jus Civile, at the establishment of the Republic. Our “civil law” derives its name from the century long struggles between the patricians and the plebs, when the plebs insisted upon a law which granted them more privileges as “civil” laws. In 471 B.C., the plebs celebrated their final triumph, with the establishment of the “tribuns,” as the expression of their newfound political power. Thus, the patrician age in Rome lasted a scant three hundred years, a short period in the long history of Rome. Nevertheless, much of the power and organization of Rome continued to be based on the stern precepts of its founding patricians, just as much of the protection afforded to its citizens in the United States by the Constitution has been laid down by the stern precepts of our own Founding Fathers. Even today, our law giving bodies are frequently referred to as “tribunals,” as recognition of the triumph of the plebs in Rome in 471 B.C.
“In 445 B.C., Caious Canuleius led the final assault of the plebs against the entrenched privileges of the patrician families. He wrested from them the source of their continuing power, the protection of their blood lines. By very stringent and exclusive marriage bans, they had managed to preserve their blood lines by prohibiting marriage with a pleb. Canuleius now succeeded in overcoming this ancient prohibition. From that time on, plebs were allowed to marry into the patrician families. Rome was now “democratized.” …”With the new democracy came increasing power and growing complexity of the Roman legal system. Cicero was led to publicly denounce the well-known practice of bribing of jurors. By the end of the fourth century B.C., Ammianus Marcellinus protested that, “We see the most violent and rapacious classes of men besieging the houses of the rich, cunningly creating lawsuits. Doors are now daily more and more opened to plunder by the depravity of judges and advocates who are all alike.” (4)
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